Contemporary Medical Acupuncture can be effective as a solitary treatment, or as an adjunct to other therapeutic interventions. It is a precise peripheral nerve stimulation technique, in which fine solid needles are inserted into anatomically defined neurofunctional sites, and stimulated manually or with electricity for the therapeutic purpose of modulating abnormal activity of the nervous system. Interventions aim to facilitate modulation of neurological activity at every level identified as having been disturbed. The ultimate goal is to promote self regulation of the nervous system.
The World Health Organization recognizes the use of acupuncture in the treatment of:
- Sports related injuries and other movement disorders.
- Musculoskeletal pain problems: neck pain, shoulder pain, low back pain, joint pain.
- Chronic pain: headaches, sciatica, osteoarthritis, neuritis and facial pain.
- Digestive disorders: irritable bowel, constipation, diarrhea and gastritis.
- Menstrual and reproductive problems: dysmenorrhea, perimenopausal symptoms and infertility.
- Urinary tract disorders: prostatitis and bladder dysfunction.
- Respiratory problems: sinusitis, asthma, sore throat and recurrent respiratory tract infections.
- Stress related problems: addictions and post-traumatic stress disorder.